This test will give you your personality scores on the scientific HEXACO test. The HEXACO model of personality structure is a six-dimensional model of human personality . Since the initial development of the HEXACO Personality Inventory in the early s, the HEXACO model has been used to investigate various. The HEXACO-PI-R personality test measures six traits to determine how honest, agreeable and trustworthy you are.

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The HEXACO model of personality structure is pesronality six-dimensional model of human personality that was created by Ashton and Lee and explained in their book, The H Factor of Personality[1] based on findings from a series of lexical studies involving several European and Asian languages.

Each factor is composed of traits with characteristics indicating high and low levels of the factor. Language based taxonomies for personality traits have perrsonality widely used as a method for developing personality models.

The HEXACO Personality Inventory – Revised

This method, based on the logic of the lexical hypothesisuses adjectives found in language that describe behaviours and tendencies among individuals.

Hesaco identified adjectives are distilled down through factor analysis to yield a manageable number of groups of related personality traits. Research gest based on the lexical hypothesis described above were first undertaken in the English language.

Comparisons of the results revealed as many as six emergent factors, in similar form across different languages including English. Personality is often assessed using a self-report inventory or observer report inventory. The six factors are measured through a series of questions designed to rate an individual on levels of each factor.

An additional 25th narrow facet, called Altruism, is also included and represents a blend of the Honesty-Humility, Emotionality, and Agreeableness factors. The six factors, their facets, and the personality-descriptive adjectives that typically belong to these six groups are as follows: Though it was not a direct result of this desire, due to this pursuit and decades of effort later; the HEXACO model would become established. Due to the difficult task of assessing personality, it was accepted that a systematic method should be used, and the agreed upon approach was to use factor analysis.

This, however, posed a new problem, as determining which traits to use in a factor analysis was a source of much debate. The solution to this problem was based on the lexical hypothesis. Simply put, this hypothesis suggests that personality traits of importance in a society will personapity to the development of words to describe both personapity and low levels of these traits. The first use of the lexical approach is attributed to Baumgartnera Swiss industrial psychologist who used it to categorize words in the German language.

Though Baumgartner was the first to use it, she was shortly followed by Allport and Odbert inwho used the approach on the English language. It would be in their work, in which they tediously pored through a dictionary, that a list of roughly 18, words was created. This was then condensed to just words and used to described personality traits. This list of words was reduced down to 35 terms by researcher Raymond Cattell.

After allowing other researchers to rate the list, he performed a factor analysis, which produced 12 factors. However, replications by other researchers failed to produce this number most likely due to the developing nature of the factor analysis method. Although the 12 factors were not replicated, there were five traits that were being consistently produced.


These 5 traits would become the foundation of the Big 5 model of personality assessment and would be later supported by replication studies that used more words than Cattell had in his previous research.


As the Big 5 became more and more accepted, it led persomality researchers wondering if these traits would be consistently found in other languages. After several studies, throughout multiple languages, it was found that the Big 5 were indeed consistently found in other languages. Through the expansion of research into other languages, it was found that there was a sixth trait that kept appearing. This trait was what would become the honesty-humility trait.

The discovery of the honesty-humility trait in other languages led researchers to wonder why it wasn’t found in the original English language studies. This was answered when modern computers were used hedaco determine that there was indeed an occurrence of this sixth trait in the English language.

By using the complete set of words that had previously been grouped into 75 different clusters, the replications showed the existence of the sixth trait that was previously missing. Currently, the most widely used model of personality structure is also based on analyses of personality-descriptive adjectives.

This model consists of the five personality factors collectively known as the “Big Five”. The two remaining Big Five factors, called Agreeableness and Neuroticism with the opposite pole of the latter factor being Emotional Stabilityare similar to the Agreeableness and Emotionality factors of the HEXACO model — but with some differences in the content of the factors.

The Big Five factors do not include an Honesty-Humility factor, but some of the characteristics belonging to Honesty-Humility are incorporated into the Big Five’s Agreeableness factor. Although earlier investigations found only the Big Five factors, more recent studies conducted in various languages including English with larger sets of adjectives recovered six factors, as summarized above. Factor names were selected on the basis of the common meaning of the characteristics within each factor.

For the sake of example, traits like narcissism or manipulativeness can be evaluated with the honesty-humility trait included in the model. Honesty-Humility, Emotionality and Agreeableness are proposed to be measures of Altruistic versus Antagonistic behaviour. Honesty-Humility and Agreeableness both measure two different aspects of Reciprocal personapityhigh levels of which indicate a propensity for helping behaviour and cooperation as opposed to the exploitation of others.

The Honesty-Humility factor represents a person’s tendency for pro-social altruistic behaviours, [12] while Agreeableness indicates an individual’s tendency to forgive and to show tolerance. The Honest-Humility factor has been used in a variety of studies as a measure of ethical or pro-social behaviour See Ashton and Lee [13] for further details.

Low levels testt the Honesty-Humility factor are associated with greater levels of materialism, unethical business practices and deviant sexual behaviour. The Honesty-Humility factor has been found to predict endorsement of unethical business practices [14] and even ppersonality degree to which a person will take health and safety risks even towards fellow employees.

Which anti-social acts an individual is likely to commit may be related to their personality profile along the hexxco factors of the HEXACO model. For example, someone who testt low on Honesty-Humility and low on Conscientiousness and Peersonality are more likely to engage in delinquency in the workplace. The dark triad of personality consists of psychopathy, Machiavellianism and narcissism. Psychopathy is identified by characteristics such as persona,ity, deceit, and selfishness.


Machiavellianism is considered to be selfishness, in that one will focus personalith their own needs, even when it includes manipulating others.

Narcissism can also be defined as selfishness, but is different as this person would consider themselves of a higher importance than those around them. The addition of the sixth factor, as well as the rotation of Agreeableness and Emotionality, allows for examination and prediction of behaviour based on less prosocial behaviour.

One study showed a significant relationship between levels of Honesty-Humility and the endorsement of revenge, [20] while another found that levels of Agreeableness were related to the tendency to forgive.

Specifically, low levels of Honesty-Humility were found to be related to higher levels of self-reported creativity; though, no relationship between creativity and Agreeableness was found. For example, in one study, researchers found that people high in Honesty-Humility consistently engaged in productive worker behaviours, whereas those that were low in the H factor were more likely to engage in counter-productive behaviours.

Further research using the HEXACO model has examined the relationship between its various domains and scores on risk taking behaviour. Unfortunately, factor analysis does not always ensure replicable results. Models created through factor analysis can vary between samples, depending personaoity De Raad et al. These authors argue that beyond three traits, the factor markers become unreliable. They further argue that claims of universality for the HEXACO model should be cautiously considered, since many languages and cultures have yet to be assessed with appropriate personality trait studies.

Several past studies have identified inconsistent sixth-factor dimensions e. From Peesonality, the free encyclopedia. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Pers Soc Psychol Rev.

Journal of Personality Assessment. Individual Differences and Personality 3rd ed. Individual differences and personality 2nd ed. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. Use of self- and observer reports”. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Text.

Keep up with Mother Nature

Journal of Behavioral Decision Making. Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and Psychopathy”. Journal of Research in Personality. Journal of Personality Disorders.

The roles of Honesty—Humility, Agreeableness, and vengefulness”. Personality and Individual Differences. European Journal of Personality. New evidence based on projective measures and peer ratings”. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion. J Pers Soc Psychol. Conscientiousness and honesty-humility as predictors of academic criteria”. Predicting political attitudes and behavior”.

Explaining political orientation with altruism”. Timothy; Katigbak, Marcia S. Reply to Ashton and Lee”. Domains of knowledge about human behaviourthird edition. Retrieved from ” https: Personality traits Personality typologies. Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 11 Decemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.