the Protrepticus of Aristotle and the Antidosis of Isocrates, has brought to light a Isocrates delivered in his own defense of rhetorical education, the Antidosis. Isocrates’ Antidosis. (Text from Perseus Project Archive–for educational use.) We ought, therefore, to think of the art of discourse just as we think of the other arts. Too (Y.L.) A Commentary on Isocrates’ Antidosis. Pp. χ. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, Cas. ISBN: doi/.
|Published (Last):||6 June 2015|
|PDF File Size:||7.16 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||6.83 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The Antidosis can be viewed as a defense, an autobiographyor rhetorical treatise. However, since Isocrates wrote it when he was 82 years old, it is generally seen by some people as an autobiography. If the supposedly richer man disagreed with the terms, then the entirety of their estates would be exchanged and the now more wealthy man would have to perform the liturgyas originally planned. The law inspired Isocrates’ Antidosiswhich was written in the form of a court case where Isocrates had to defend himself from a charge of corrupting the youth by teaching them how to speak well in order for them to gain an unfair advantage over their peers.
Although this work is put forward by Isocrates as his imagined defense in a legal case, it is more a treatise on morality and teaching. Although it is assumed that he is defending himself from a charge of corrupting the youth, nowhere in his Antidosis does Isocrates mention what crime he is charged with and from which he must defend, nor does it say what the penalty would be for being found guilty.
Isocrates, Antidosis, section 1
Isocrates also does not make any attempt to offer evidence in his favor, yet presents the defense that he is a good teacher to his students as the full defense for the crime that he has committed. There is no specific mention of anything that would prove him innocent in this particular case. Another idea by scholars is that early on in the AntidosisIsocrates reads aloud that he is being indicted for corrupting his students.
He is accused of educating his students to speak against the courts, question the laws, and think for themselves.
In return, Isocrates has been teaching them how to become better public speakers and leaders. Isocrates proves his innocence by showing, that through teaching his students rhetoric, he is teaching them how to become better citizens and leaders of Athens. Isocrates proved his rationale by citing the accomplishments and devotion to the state his students displayed after being educated by him.
A man who is trained in rhetoric is trained in truth, and the creation of that truth through oratory. In the sense that he is defending himself from an onerous charge to perform a liturgy, Isocrates makes a claim that his value to the city was provided through his teaching. He states that as a lifelong teacher, the value of the education that he has provided for students is worth far more than any monetary donation he can give to Athens.
His teaching has provided for civic-minded and properly educated citizens that contribute to the orderly running of the city-state. For Isocrates to be sentenced to death would be to ignore the public service that he has performed for the city, by which he has devoted his life to giving its citizens a proper rhetorical education.
Isocrates was 82 years old at the time he wrote Antidosisthe longest work of his life.
Antidosis is used by the author to depict himself as a model citizen and a contributor to the city-state of Athens. Since he was nearing the end of his life, he presumably would have wanted to leave behind a legacy of a devoted and moderate citizen to his home town and to justify his life as a service to Athens and the citizens to whom he taught rhetoric.
Isocrates presents himself as a quiet citizen who avoids the public light, where oratory is used in a way to bring many different cases of litigation against each other – which the antidosiw believed to negatively affect the way in which the republic was run.
He tries to withdraw himself from the public interfering and intrusive efforts made into democratic politics. The Antidosis is not seen by some as an autobiography of Isocrates; it was written later in his life as a fictionalized story similar to his own court trial.
Examples are Lysimachus being the person who has brought Isocrates to trial for this crime, and the crime being different from the one with which he was actually accused. It is known that in his own life Isocrates did in fact go to court in his own defense over an amount of money he was made to pay.
Isocrates argued this fine was based on the fact people thought he was wealthier than he actually was. He claimed this distorted perception of his wealth was due to his popularity as a public figure. In the AntidosisIsocrates is charged with corrupting the youth by teaching them to become good public speakers.
With this ability, the students may trick people by convincing them of false truths which could ultimately allow the students to corrupt the government. Isocrates states that the teacher should be judged by his students, in that if they do good and moral works then the teacher has done a good job and should be praised.
Hence he agrees to submit to the punishment if any of his students can be shown to be bad influences on society and challenges his accuser to present even one student who could be said to belong to the group of degenerate youth.
Another important topic is natural talent. Isocrates argues that native ability is necessary for becoming a good orator, along with a proper education on the subject and practical experience. Hutchinson and Monte Johnson pointed out . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article relies largely or entirely on a single source.
A Commentary on Isocrates’ Antidosis – Yun Lee Too – Oxford University Press
Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources.
Hutchinson and Monte Ransome Johnson Uses authors parameter link. Retrieved from ” https: Uses authors parameter Articles needing additional references from May All articles needing issocrates references Articles containing Ancient Greek-language text.